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The term is used to describe programs that range from government operation of medical facilities to national health-insurance plans. The capital and largest city is Kabul. The documents are saved to both online and off-line media.

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Templates of preset-up documents are also available. Opponents argue that the sequence of events in the typical software purchase transaction is skewed. High-level languages are much closer to actual human language than machine language, through which computer hardware accepts commands.

Protecting a name from being used by others can be more valuable than other forms of protection. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Where there is a choice between a full term and an acronym, the entry appears under whichever is likely to be more commonly found in the literature, with a reference from alternative expression.

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Desktop computers, large mainframes, and the servers used to host Web sites are key elements in the world of e-commerce. The temperature of the atmosphere near the earth's surface is warmed through a natural process called the greenhouse effect. Word processing is a text-preparation tool. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Most companies using pirated software are reported by former employees.

Words separated by a hyphen are treated as a single word. The purchaser is not aware of the license agreement until after the sale is consummated.

High-level languages eventually get translated to machine language, which is numeric consisting mainly of zeros and ones. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.

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Counterfeiting is an international problem that results in the sale of millions of dollars of pirated software. How did African slaves from different cultures form communities in the Americas?

The market for software is as dynamic as the changing needs and wants of users. What influences informed the creation and evolution of Broadway musicals? It is provided on edX platform. As museums, libraries, archives and other institutions have digitized collections and artifacts, new tools and standards have been developed that turn those materials into machine-readable data. The opening of the shrink-wrap, according to the license, constitutes acceptance of all of the terms contained in the license agreement.

This course will show you how to manage the many aspects of digital humanities research and scholarship. High rates of immigration are frequently accompanied by militant, and sometimes violent, calls for immigration restriction or deportation by nationalist groups.

Copyright protects the expression of an idea, not the idea itself. Specific hardware is often required to operate the software, such as a joystick, handheld device, or console. Algorithms allow new data to be generated through formula results. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.

Fields of related information might include name, contact information, type and amount of insurance carried, date of last contact, benefit information, and billing information. One such need involves faxing information from one location to another. Word processing has evolved into more than a document-preparation program. Origins of the Revolution Historians disagree in evaluating the factors that brought about the Revolution.

It replaced the League of Nations. Lawsuits involving the software industry have not been limited to intellectual property disputes. Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic in the square on Oct. Software serves the limitless needs of business and entertainment.

This software allows users to produce such documents as letters, memorandums, and reports. Court decisions appear to have limited copyright protection for some features of software.

Microsoft's Windows is an industry leader. She may not even read the terms of the license agreement and, in any case, does not expressly agree to them. Years ago, computers were huge expensive machines used mainly by large companies and universities. For example, database software can be used to maintain the records of the customers of insurance companies. Intangible personal property consisting of mathematical codes, programs, routines, and other functions that controls the functioning and operation of a computer's hardware.


When software is leased or sold, the purchaser usually must agree to accept a software license. Similarly, copying disks and swapping disks inside and outside of the workplace can constitute forms of software piracy. However, contemporary computers would be useless without software. Drivers are programs that support devices like printers or scanners, which are connected to the computer. As primary sources of information are more frequently digitized and available online than ever before, how can we use those sources to ask new questions?

Featured topics socialized medicine International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences socialized medicine publicly administered system of national health care. The encyclopedia includes articles on everything from traditional library terms to a vocabulary of modern avenues in information science and technology. It provides articles on librarianship studies, library science, information science, information technology, information and knowledge organization, and management. At the same time, ringa ringa tamil song new articles are continuously being added to the encyclopedia. It has been considered as the most erudite scholastic of English language encyclopedia.

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